Tanzania. The new President Benjamin Mkapa himself is considered impeccably honest, but the government is still troubled by the corruption suspicions that have dragged Tanzania into disrepute. Finance Minister Simon Mbilinyi was forced to resign after several import companies received unauthorized tariff exemptions, the same mistake that dropped his representative in 1994. Opposition leader Augustine Mrema was elected to parliament in October after a campaign aimed mainly at Mbilinyi.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: What does TZ stand for? In the field of geography, this two letter acronym means Tanzania. Check this to see its other meanings in English and other 35 languages.
|Land area||947,300 km²|
|Residents per km²||61.8|
|Capital||Dodoma (official); Dar es Salaam (seat of government)|
|Official language||Kiswahili (Swahili), English|
|Income per capita||$ 3,200|
|ISO 3166 code||TZ|
|Time zone UTC||+3|
|Geographic coordinates||6 00 S, 35 00 O|
The state-owned ferry Bukoba’s wreck on Lake Victoria in May, when nearly 1,000 people were killed, also drew attention to deficiencies in public administration. The ship had been allowed to leave with more than twice as many passengers as the rules allowed.
In June 2016, the president banned all political meetings until 2020. In response, the opposition called for peaceful protests under the slogan of the Alliance against Dictatorship in Tanzania (UKUTA). The consequence was that the police also banned internal meetings of the parties. Two opposition leaders and 35 members were arrested and charged with various matters, including calls for protest.
Police arrested 20 LGBTI people in Dar es Salaam in August. Most were released again after 48 hours. In November, authorities suspended the HIV/AIDS homicide prevention program.
In September, a court declared Chapters 13 and 17 of the Marriage Act to be unconstitutional. They allowed marriage for girls under 18. Tanzania has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. 37% of girls under 18 are married. The state attorney appealed the court’s order.
Tourism played an increasingly important role for the country’s economy. In 2016, it accounted for 17.5% of GDP. Almost 1.3 million tourists visited the country for almost 600,000 in 2005.
According to Countryaah.com, the population of Tanzania in 1996 was 29,649,024, ranking number 32 in the world. The population growth rate was 3.300% yearly, and the population density was 33.4716 people per km2.