Ghana. The December presidential election resulted in the victory of incumbent President Jerry Rawlings. He received just over 57% of the vote, while opposition candidate John Kufuor received just under 40%. The parliamentary election, which was held at the same time as the presidential election, was won by Rawling’s party, the National Democratic Congress.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: What does GH stand for? In the field of geography, this two letter acronym means Ghana. Check this to see its other meanings in English and other 35 languages.
Ghana’s women’s soccer team won bronze in the African Women’s Football Cup in December 2016 as it beat South Africa 1-0.
16 candidates wanted to run for the December 2016 presidential election. However, the Election Commission disqualified 13 of them. This decision was overturned by 4 of these, so 7 candidates eventually stood up. However, the only two with a real chance were opposition Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo of the NPP and John Dramani Mahama of the ruling NDC. In the end, Akufo-Addo won with 53.9% of the vote against 44.4% for Mahama. Akufo-Addo was inducted into the presidential post in January 2017 in the presence of 12 other African heads of state.
The parliamentary elections held at the same time as the presidential elections followed the same pattern. The NPP advanced 48 seats to 171 and thus obtained an absolute majority in the 275-seat parliament. The NDC declined 44 seats and had to settle for 104.
According to Countryaah.com, the population of Ghana in 1996 was 17,013,946, ranking number 52 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.860% yearly, and the population density was 74.7739 people per km2.
The territory of Ghana (which before the achievement of independence was called the Gold Coast) falls for the most part in the Guinean region and only for a short distance, in the north, in the western Sudanese region. Behind the coast, mainly low, sandy and marshy, a flat or slightly undulating strip extends over a width of about one hundred kilometers, consisting of considerably metamorphosed Precambrian formations; further inland, to the west there is a vast plateau where Precambrian formations still emerge, while to the east these have been covered by Paleozoic sandstones. The relief is decidedly modest: more than half of the territory is below 150 m; the maximum altitude, on the border with Togo, is just over 900 meters. All the northern and south-eastern Ghana falls within the basin of the Volta river.
- The climatic conditions are primarily influenced by the position of the country, which is between 5 ° and 12 ° lat. N, and therefore very close to the equator. The temperature remains constantly high (between 26 ° C in the S and 30 ° C in the N), but the annual temperature range, very modest along the coast, reaches values of various degrees in the innermost and northern areas. The same temperature and above all the rainfall are strongly influenced by the winds, among which the humid monsoon-type ones coming from the Gulf of Guinea and the dry ones, of continental origin (harmattan), are particularly important. Along the coast, rainfall continues throughout the year (with two peak periods from April to July and from September to November). Most of the inland territory is still affected by the effects of the monsoon and is also sprayed with abundant rains (over 1000 mm per year), which however tend to be concentrated in two seasons, separated by a long dry winter period and a short summer one. In the far north, which is under the influence of harmattan for most of the year, there is a single, shorter rainy season and rainfall is considerably lower.
- These climatic differences correspond to differences in the spontaneous vegetation cover, where it has not been degraded or removed by human action: the typical rainforest, which covers the coastal strip west of Cape Three Points, becomes impoverished in the east, and hand gives way to sparse scrub; inside, the forest becomes less and less dense (though it remains luxuriant along the river furrows) and passes to various types of savannah, from that rich in large tree species to that exclusively herbaceous.