Bahrain. Shiite protests erupted in the country at the beginning of the year. The Shi’a Muslims have been trying for years to gain greater influence over the policy and demand, among other things, that the country’s national assembly be opened, but they have so far failed.
In June, 44 people were arrested for coup attempts. They were reported to be members of the Iran-backed organization Hizbullah-Bahrain. A diplomatic crisis between Bahrain and Iran arose because of allegations that Iran had been involved in the coup.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: What does BA stand for? In the field of geography, this two letter acronym means Bahrain. Check this to see its other meanings in English and other 35 languages.
Bahrain has a warm and humid subtropical climate with high humidity. Mostly a hot, humid wind blows from the northwest (Shamal), sometimes also a dry, hot south wind (Qaus) from the Great Arabian Desert. The monthly mean temperatures are between 17 ° C (January) and 33.5 ° C (July), the precipitation is only 70 mm.
Area: 771 km2 (world ranking: 174)
Population density: 1936 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 150)
Capital: Al-Manamah (Manama)
Official languages: Arabic
Gross domestic product: 35.3 billion US $; Real growth: 3.9%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): US$ 20,240
Currency: 1 Bahraini dinar (BD) = 1000 Fils
Klingelhöfer Str. 7, 10785 Berlin
Telephone 030 86877777,
Fax 030 86877788 www.mofa.gov.bh / berlin
Head of State: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, Head of Government: Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Exterior: Khalid bin Ahmad Al Khalifa
National holiday: 16.12. (Independence Day)
State and form of government
Constitution of 2002
State religion: Islam
Islamic law (Sharia)
Parliament: Assembly of Representatives (Majlis an-Nuwaab) with 40 members, election every 4 years; Consultative Council (Majlis asch-Shura) with 40 members appointed by the king for 4 years.
Suffrage from 20 years.
Population: Bahrain, last census 2010: 1,234,571 residents
, 54% of which are foreigners,
Cities (with population): (as of 2013) Al-Manamah (Manama) 303,709 pop., Al-Muharraq 183,196, Hamad 141,274, Ar-Rifa’a 122,786, ‘Ali 105,148
Religions: Bahraini: 99% Muslims (mostly Shiites); Minorities of Christians, Hindus, Baha’i and Jews; Foreigners: mostly non-Muslims (as of 2006)
Languages: Arabic; English
Employees by economic sector: agriculture. 1%, industry 35%, business 64% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 1.2%
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 1.4%
Foreign trade: import: 16.0 billion US$ (2017); Export: 15.3 billion US $ (2017)
According to Countryaah.com, the population of Bahrain in 1996 was 563,586, ranking number 162 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.600% yearly, and the population density was 741.7066 people per km2.
Bahrain is an Asian state and archipelago in the Persian Gulf, near the peninsula of Qatar, connected since 1986 to the Arabian Peninsula by a viaduct. The history of the islands of Bahrain, already known to the Assyrians and included in the descriptions of Arabia by Pliny and Strabo, is connected with that of the nearby coast, which has sometimes been given their name. Together with it, the islands were among the regions of Arabia where the penetration of Islam met the greatest resistance, and in the century. 10 ° they were asylum of the Carmates. Occupied in the century. 16th by the Portuguese and later by the Persians, the islands passed in the 19th century. under the control of the sheikh family of Banu al-Khalifa (of Arab origin and Sunni confession, while the local population is predominantly Shiite), which has been in power ever since. In 1861 it had to accept the British protectorate, against which in the following century both the independence claims of the population and (until 1970) those of Iran, aimed at establishing its sovereignty over Bahrain, were addressed. Obtained independence (1971), followed by admission to the Arab League and the UN, the Bahrain is now a monarchy, with its capital in Manama.