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Uruguay

Yearbook 1996

Uruguay. According to Countryaah.com, Uruguay is one of four countries in the Mercosur Customs Union. Trade between the Mercosur countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) in 1995 amounted to just over SEK 112 billion. For Uruguay, exports to the other Member States increased by 12%.

In March, Uruguay was granted a loan of SEK 750 million. from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In order for this to fall, the IMF demanded that the government fulfill its financial program for the year: a one percent increase in GDP, a further reduction in inflation (from 42% in 1995 to 20% in 1996) and a further reduction of the general government deficit. sector.

In September, Ericsson received an order from the state-owned telecommunications company Antel worth approximately SEK 190 million. The order was intended to expand the country's wireless communication network and included an option for additional equipment for SEK 190 million.

Líber Sergni Mosquera resigned as leader of the Left Front Frente Amplio (FA). The reason was stated to be differences of opinion within the front regarding the proposed reform of the presidential system.

At the end of the year, a referendum was held on proposals for constitutional amendments, amendments that would mean greater power for the head of state and that each party in the presidential election should bring forward only one candidate nominated by primary in the party. According to preliminary results published at year-end, the proposal had received the necessary majority.

1996 Uruguay

Uruguay experienced a number of intricacies in relation to Brazil in 97, when the latter unilaterally imposed a number of import restrictions on goods from Uruguay. Montevideo contradicted this move with the Mercosur FTA.

Despite studies of the environmental negative impacts of independent institutions, in December 1998, the Senate decided to build a bridge from Colonia in Uruguay to Buenos Aires, Argentina over the Rio de la Plata River. It will cost $ 1 billion. dollars.

In September 1999, Uruguay decided not to expel Paraguay's former defense minister, José Segovia, who had been granted political asylum in Uruguay as long as the Paraguayan authorities continue to accuse him of fraud against the state. Segovia was part of the circle of General Lino Oviedo, who now has political asylum in Argentina following the assassination of the then Vice President José María Argaña.

In October, Argentine poet Juan Gelman asked President Sanguinetti to investigate the disappearance of his daughter-in-law María Claudia García in Montevideo in December 1976. was disappeared by officers. A few days later, Sanguinetti announced that no information could be obtained that supported or rebuffed Gelman's search, and that the case was therefore closed. In clear solidarity with the Argentine poet, several hundred intellectuals, artists and journalists from Uruguay and the rest of the world initiated an action, sending "cards to the president" requesting him as "Chief of the Armed Forces" to penetrate bottom of the case.

At the October 1999 presidential and parliamentary elections, the center-left alliance Encuentro Progresista became the largest party with 40.1% of the vote, giving 12 seats in the Senate and 40 deputies. As no party conquered over 50% in the presidential election, the 2 most important candidates went on to the second round of elections. It was Tabaré Vázquez from the EP and Jorge Batlle from the Colorado party. To prevent the Left from taking over the post, the National Party entered into an alliance with Colorados and supported Battle. At the November 28 election, he was elected president with 52% of the vote.

In his inaugural address in March 2000, Batlle stated that "we all have a responsibility to (...) ensure peace among Uruguayans" in clear reference to the disappearances under the military dictatorship and the "Gelman case". For 40 days, the president told Gelman that the daughter-in-law's baby had been removed at birth and that it was a girl who was now 23 years old. The news came as a surprise to the grandfather and to national and international opinion. The news confirmed the participation of the armed forces in the "Condor Plan", a collaboration between the intelligence services in South America in the 1970s and 80s on abductions and disappearances, and on the removal of children from mothers who were executed. Information that had been denied by Sanguinetti during both of his presidencies. In August, the Peace Commission was set up to investigate the 160 Uruguayans who disappeared during the 1970-80 dictatorship.

In early 2001, an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease gave Uruguayan agriculture enough to order, causing it to lose its traditional foot-and-mouth disease-free country - without vaccination. One of the steps taken was the ban on cattle transport in most of the country's 19 departments - except in the case of transport directly to the slaughterhouse. The rapid spread of the disease also forced the authorities to launch a vaccination campaign for ½ million cattle, and 10,200 cattle from disease-affected herds were killed.

 

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