Uruguay. According to
Countryaah.com, Uruguay is one of four countries in the Mercosur
Customs Union. Trade between the Mercosur countries
(Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) in 1995 amounted
to just over SEK 112 billion. For Uruguay, exports to the
other Member States increased by 12%.
In March, Uruguay was granted a loan of SEK 750 million.
from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In order for
this to fall, the IMF demanded that the government fulfill
its financial program for the year: a one percent increase
in GDP, a further reduction in inflation (from 42% in 1995
to 20% in 1996) and a further reduction of the general
government deficit. sector.
In September, Ericsson received an order from the
state-owned telecommunications company Antel worth
approximately SEK 190 million. The order was intended to
expand the country's wireless communication network and
included an option for additional equipment for SEK 190
Líber Sergni Mosquera resigned as leader of the Left
Front Frente Amplio (FA). The reason was stated to be
differences of opinion within the front regarding the
proposed reform of the presidential system.
At the end of the year, a referendum was held on
proposals for constitutional amendments, amendments that
would mean greater power for the head of state and that each
party in the presidential election should bring forward only
one candidate nominated by primary in the party. According
to preliminary results published at year-end, the proposal
had received the necessary majority.
Uruguay experienced a number of intricacies in relation
to Brazil in 97, when the latter unilaterally imposed a
number of import restrictions on goods from Uruguay.
Montevideo contradicted this move with the Mercosur FTA.
Despite studies of the environmental negative impacts of
independent institutions, in December 1998, the Senate
decided to build a bridge from Colonia in Uruguay to Buenos
Aires, Argentina over the Rio de la Plata River. It will
cost $ 1 billion. dollars.
In September 1999, Uruguay decided not to expel
Paraguay's former defense minister, José Segovia, who had
been granted political asylum in Uruguay as long as the
Paraguayan authorities continue to accuse him of fraud
against the state. Segovia was part of the circle of General
Lino Oviedo, who now has political asylum in Argentina
following the assassination of the then Vice President José
In October, Argentine poet Juan Gelman asked President
Sanguinetti to investigate the disappearance of his
daughter-in-law María Claudia García in Montevideo in
December 1976. was disappeared by officers. A few days
later, Sanguinetti announced that no information could be
obtained that supported or rebuffed Gelman's search, and
that the case was therefore closed. In clear solidarity with
the Argentine poet, several hundred intellectuals, artists
and journalists from Uruguay and the rest of the world
initiated an action, sending "cards to the president"
requesting him as "Chief of the Armed Forces" to penetrate
bottom of the case.
At the October 1999 presidential and parliamentary
elections, the center-left alliance Encuentro Progresista
became the largest party with 40.1% of the vote, giving 12
seats in the Senate and 40 deputies. As no party conquered
over 50% in the presidential election, the 2 most important
candidates went on to the second round of elections. It was
Tabaré Vázquez from the EP and Jorge Batlle from the
Colorado party. To prevent the Left from taking over the
post, the National Party entered into an alliance with
Colorados and supported Battle. At the November 28 election,
he was elected president with 52% of the vote.
In his inaugural address in March 2000, Batlle stated
that "we all have a responsibility to (...) ensure peace
among Uruguayans" in clear reference to the disappearances
under the military dictatorship and the "Gelman case". For
40 days, the president told Gelman that the
daughter-in-law's baby had been removed at birth and that it
was a girl who was now 23 years old. The news came as a
surprise to the grandfather and to national and
international opinion. The news confirmed the participation
of the armed forces in the "Condor Plan", a collaboration
between the intelligence services in South America in the
1970s and 80s on abductions and disappearances, and on the
removal of children from mothers who were executed.
Information that had been denied by Sanguinetti during both
of his presidencies. In August, the Peace Commission was set
up to investigate the 160 Uruguayans who disappeared during
the 1970-80 dictatorship.
In early 2001, an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease gave
Uruguayan agriculture enough to order, causing it to lose
its traditional foot-and-mouth disease-free country -
without vaccination. One of the steps taken was the ban on
cattle transport in most of the country's 19 departments -
except in the case of transport directly to the
slaughterhouse. The rapid spread of the disease also forced
the authorities to launch a vaccination campaign for ½
million cattle, and 10,200 cattle from disease-affected
herds were killed.