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Greenland

Yearbook 1996

Greenland. Also in 1996, the debate was characterized by the tours around the American so-called Thule base. In the spring, it was proposed that the defense base be opened for civil aviation to promote the tourism industry. During the fall, a criticized Danish study found that the indigenous population who had moved from the area to make room for the Thule base's expansion in the 1950s was not forced to do so and that financial compensation would therefore not be paid. Thuleborna has demanded a complete investigation and an official apology from the US and Denmark.

The economic dependence on Denmark was also strong in 1996; about 60% of the Greenland State's revenue was Danish grants. Even in 1996, shrimp fishing was a completely dominant export industry, although investments were made in expanded tourism. Unemployment stopped at around 12%.

The first discovery of diamonds on Greenland was made in November at a sea beach ten miles north of Nuuk by the company Platinova. The diamond, a 0.28 millimeter micro diamond, was found in a loose rock block of kimberlite rock. The experts made the assumption that the kimberlite wire with conceivable diamonds lies beneath the lake, which has been formed by the collapse of the soft rock. Platinova has allocated 40 million Danish kroner for diamond mining in 1996 and 1997. There are also expectations that the Greenlandic nature, besides diamonds, will hide resources of gold and oil, and several projects are underway to explore this.

1996 Greenland

The population is originally from Central Asia, from which tribes emigrated via Alaska and Canada. Followers were taken to Greenland and constantly adapted to life in the Arctic. The first immigrations are believed to have taken place around the year 2,500 BCE. and is today called the Independence I culture after the site of the first archaeological finds. At that time, kayaks or umiaq (wife boats) were not known, so they lived by fishing and fishing on land animals.

The Saqqaq culture is called the immigration that took place approx. year 1,600 BCE, but unlike previous immigrations, the Saqqaq people settled along the west coast of Greenland. The use of leather boats was known. Saqqaq culture survived in Greenland for approx. 1,000 years before it succumbed - probably as a result of a climate change.

Later, a few more migrations followed the east and west coasts (the Dorset cultures), and many archaeological finds, e.g. jewelry, lamps, snow knives and harpoon tips can now be seen at Greenland's many local museums.

The last immigration took place around the year 1200 AD, and this is where the current Greenlandic population originated. It was a hunter whose life was entirely organized according to where and when the trapping animals were present. In the summer, they left the winter camp and traveled around with a skin tent to catch trout, lactate, seals, birds, whales, and what else could be used as storage for the coming long winter. It was during this period that the trapping and gear technique developed to the highest.

Around the year 985, an immigration from the east took place, namely by Icelandic peasants under the leadership of Erik the Red. These Norwegians settled far into the South Greenlandic fjords and the fjord system behind Nuuk, where they lived by farming, fishing and fishing.

Christianity was introduced around the turn of the millennium, and the Norwegians built cathedrals and churches, of which the ruins today can be seen in several places. But the Norwegians were also explorers and came to North America around the year 1,000. Thus, in the year 2000, the 1000th anniversary of Leif the Happy's discovery of America was celebrated.

In 1721, the Norwegian priest, Hans Egede, came to Greenland to track down the Norwegians, but they had disappeared. Written sources mention for the last time the Norwegians in a story about a wedding in Hvalsey in 1408. What has happened since then is still guessed, but much indicates that the climate has changed and even small temperature changes have major consequences for life in the Arctic.

When Hans Egede did not find the Norwegians, he chose instead to mission among the Greenlandic population, but at the same time he set up trading stations to finance his activities, and thus Greenland was colonized.

 

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