Togo. A number of filling elections meant that Rassemblement du peuple togolais (RPT, the Togolese People’s Collection) gained its own majority in the National Assembly. With 43 out of a total of 81 seats, the RPT no longer needed to remain in coalition with the Union togolaise pour la démocratie (UTD, Togolese Federation for Democracy), which it has not been equated with for some time. This in turn meant that the UTD’s Edem Kodjo resigned as prime minister. In his stead, President Gnassingbé Eyadéma appointed Kwasi Klutse as prime minister on August 20.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: What does TG stand for? In the field of geography, this two letter acronym means Togo. Check this to see its other meanings in English and other 35 languages.
Togo – Lome
Lomé, capital of Togo; 1. 7 million residents (2012). Lomé, which is located on the Gulf of Guinea, is the center of the country’s trade, culture and administration. The city is also an export port for phosphates, cocoa, coffee, copra, cotton and palm products. Goods from Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger are also exported from the port. In Lomé there are universities (founded in 1965). The Lomé Convention was signed here in 1975.
Since Lomé became the seat of the German colonial administration in Togo in 1897, the city has also developed into a commercial center.
According to Countryaah.com, the population of Togo in 1996 was 4,226,180, ranking number 117 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.290% yearly, and the population density was 77.7035 people per km2.
Demography and economic geography. – West African state. The population (6,191,155 residents at the 2010 census, 6,993,244 residents according to an estimate by UNDESA, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, of 2014), grows by 2.6% per year and is distributed mainly in rural areas (60%) and to the south, on the coast, in the area of the capital, Lomé (1,477,660 residents in the urban agglomeration). With life expectancy at birth of 56.5 years (2013), the literacy rate at 67%, half of the population in poverty and GDP per capita at purchasing power parity (PPA) of $ 1455 (2014), Togo is in 166th place according to the Human Development Index and among low-income countries. The economy, vulnerable to price fluctuations on the international market, is based on phosphate (3rd producer in sub-Saharan Africa with 900,000 t in 2013) and on cotton, coffee and cocoa, which account for 40% of exports. Remittances from Togolese abroad are also important (9% of GDP). Growth prospects concern construction, telecommunications, energy.
History. – The parliamentary elections of 14 October 2007, in which Gilchrist Olympio – historical leader in exile of the opposition at the head of the Union des forces du changement (UFC) – also saw the reconfirmation of the dominant party Rassemblement du peuple togolais (RPT), which won 50 out of 81 seats in the National Assembly. The consultations were severely contested by the opposition, which denounced fraud. In November 2007, noting improvements in the development of a multi-party system, the European Union restored full economic cooperation with the country.
After having his half-brother Kpatcha arrested – later sentenced in 2011 to twenty years in prison for his alleged involvement in a conspiracy – on March 4, 2010, President Faure Gnassingbé was re-elected with 60.9% of the votes, while the UFC he denounced fraud and did not recognize the result. In the following month of May, a Commission for Truth, Justice and Reconciliation was launched to investigate the violence perpetrated in Togo between 1958 and 2005; the UFC also decided to join the government. The president continued to exert a decisive influence in Togolese political life with his party, in the meantime renamed Union pour la République (UPR): in the parliamentary elections of 25 July 2013, the political force largely retained an absolute majority of seats, winning 62 out of 91.