Geography of Burlington County, New Jersey

Geography of Burlington County, New Jersey

Burlington County, located in the southwestern part of New Jersey, is a region characterized by its diverse landscapes, historic sites, and vibrant communities. Encompassing approximately 805 square miles, the county is known for its rolling hills, fertile farmland, extensive forests, and numerous waterways. In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the intricate details of Burlington County’s geography, including its climate, rivers, lakes, and notable landmarks.

Geographical Features:

According to philosophynearby, Burlington County’s landscape is defined by its varied topography, which includes flat plains, wooded hills, and marshy wetlands. The county is situated within the Atlantic Coastal Plain region of New Jersey, which extends across much of the eastern part of the state and is characterized by its sandy soil and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean.

The eastern part of Burlington County is dominated by the Pine Barrens, a vast expanse of pine forests, swamps, and sand dunes that covers much of southern New Jersey. The western part of the county is characterized by fertile farmland and wooded uplands, which provide habitat for diverse wildlife and support the region’s agricultural industry.


Burlington County experiences a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons characterized by hot, humid summers and cold, snowy winters. The region’s climate is influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and its location within the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States.

Summer temperatures in Burlington County can be hot, with highs frequently reaching into the 80s°F to 90s°F (27-32°C), while winter temperatures are cold, with highs averaging in the 30s°F to 40s°F (0-5°C) and lows often dropping below freezing. The county receives moderate precipitation throughout the year, with slightly higher amounts in the spring and summer months.

Rivers and Waterways:

Burlington County is intersected by several rivers, streams, and waterways that flow through its scenic landscapes, providing vital habitats for wildlife and offering opportunities for fishing, boating, and recreational activities. The Rancocas Creek, one of the county’s major waterways, meanders through the region, providing access to the Delaware River and the surrounding wetlands.

In addition to the Rancocas Creek, Burlington County is home to several other notable rivers and streams, including the Delaware River, the Assunpink Creek, and the Crosswicks Creek. These waterways not only support local ecosystems but also play a vital role in agriculture, transportation, and the region’s economy.

Lakes and Reservoirs:

While Burlington County does not have any natural lakes, it is home to several man-made reservoirs and ponds that provide recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. The most notable of these is Lake Oswego, located in the northern part of the county. Lake Oswego is a popular destination for fishing, boating, and water sports.

In addition to Lake Oswego, Burlington County has several smaller reservoirs and ponds, including Mirror Lake and Smithville Lake. These water bodies offer serene settings for picnicking, birdwatching, and wildlife viewing, surrounded by the county’s natural beauty and scenic landscapes.

Notable Landmarks:

Beyond its natural features, Burlington County boasts several notable landmarks and attractions that showcase its rich history and cultural heritage. The town of Mount Holly is home to the Burlington County Prison Museum, a historic jail that dates back to the 19th century and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Another iconic landmark in Burlington County is the Smithville Historic District, located in the town of Eastampton. This historic district preserves the site of a former industrial village and offers visitors a glimpse into the region’s industrial history and architectural heritage.

In conclusion, Burlington County, New Jersey, offers a captivating blend of natural beauty, historic charm, and vibrant communities. From its scenic rivers and forests to its charming towns and cultural attractions, the county’s geography reflects the diverse heritage of the Garden State. Whether exploring its picturesque landscapes, enjoying its recreational opportunities, or learning about its rich history, Burlington County invites visitors to experience the beauty and hospitality of southwestern New Jersey.