According to Allcitycodes, Syria is a Middle Eastern country located in the Levant region, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south and Lebanon and Israel to the southwest. It has an area of 185,180 square kilometers (71,498 square miles) which makes it slightly smaller than North Dakota in the United States. The landscape in Syria consists mostly of arid desert and semi-arid steppe with some fertile valleys along its coast. The highest point is Mount Hermon at 2,814 meters (9232 feet). The climate is mostly arid desert with hot summers and mild winters. Temperatures range from -5°C (23°F) during winter months to 40°C (104°F) during summer months. The international dialling code for Syria is +963 followed by either 8 digits for landlines or 10 digits for mobile phones e.g: +963 xx xxx xx xx or +963 xx xxx xxx xxx respectively where ‘x’ represents any digit between 0-9 depending on your telephone number’s location within each province/district/city/town respectively. Syria area codes are divided into two categories – national area codes consisting of one digit followed by seven digits e.g: 9-xxxxxxx; and local area codes consisting of three digits followed by six digits e.g: 011-xxxxxx where ‘x’ represents any digit between 0-9 depending on your telephone number’s location within each district/province/city/town respectively. The main cities in Syria are Damascus (the capital city), Aleppo, Homs and Latakia; while other cities include Hama, Deir ez-Zor and Raqqa among others. Check politicsezine for Syria Political System.