According to Allcitycodes, Qatar is a small country located in the Middle East on the Qatar Peninsula, bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and west and the Persian Gulf to the east. It has a total area of 11,581 km2 and a population of over 2.6 million people. The terrain consists mainly of flat desert with some rocky hills in the north and southwest. The highest peak in Qatar is Qurayn Abu al Bawl, at 103 meters (338 ft) above sea level. The climate is generally hot and dry with temperatures ranging from 18°C in January to 43°C in July. The area code for Qatar is +974. This code is used when dialing from outside Qatar to any other phone number within it. Additionally, to call a cell phone or landline inside Qatar from another country you must dial 00 + 974 + telephone number. There are currently several area codes for different regions across Qatar as all numbers are seven digits long starting with four numbers followed by three numbers (e.g xxxx-xxx). Qatar also has mobile networks which are operated by Ooredoo and Vodafone which use GSM networks with 3G/4G coverage available on all networks. To call a mobile device within Qatar you must dial 00+974+ mobile network prefix + telephone number where the mobile network prefixes are either 5 or 6 depending on whether you are calling an Ooredoo or Vodafone device respectively. Check physicscat for Qatar in 2013.