According to Shoppingpicks.net, the Mexican state of Puebla has borders to Veracruz to the north and east, Hidalgo, Mexico (state), Tlaxcala and Morelos to the west and Guerrero and Oaxaca to the south. In addition to the capital of the same name, Puebla, the cities of Actlan, Atlixco, Chignahuapan, Cholula, Cuetzalan, Izucar and Teziutlan are located in the state.
In the capital’s historical part, much of the Spanish colonial architecture preserved and is therefore on UNESCO ‘s World. Some are the historic buildings are remarkably well restored; while many are in a very poor condition.
The city is also at the foot of the most active volcano in Mexico, Popocatépetl, which is part of the Paso de Cortés mountain pass, which also has the volcano Iztaccíhuatl.
Cinco de Mayo (Fifth of May) is a public holiday held on the 5th of May. It is held throughout the United States and regionally in Mexico, mainly in Puebla, where the holiday is called El Dia de la Batalla de Puebla (Day of the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862).
Puebla is also the owner of the world’s largest pyramid in volume, which is the Great Pyramid at Cholula in Puebla, Mexico, which was constructed four times from the 3rd century BCE to around the 9th century BCE. Its base area is 450 * 450 meters. It is 66 meters high. The Cholula pyramid, like countless other pyramids, was destroyed by the Spaniards who built the church of Remedios on top of the former site of the sacrificial site. The overgrown pyramid contains a complicated tunnel system. See pictures here.
1000 – Cholulais besieged by the Putun Maya, also known as Olmeca-Xicalanca. 1100 – Cholula had a heyday around the year 1100 after the downfall of Teotihuacán and was thus at the same time as the Tula of the Toltecs and the Chichén Itzá of the Maya.
1519 – Hernán Cortés and his entourage besiege Cholula without resistance, and after a few days he decides to strike first if the city leaders cannot answer why they would attack him and his men while they slept. The leaders told that they were ordered by the emperor to resist. Cortés decided to capture people and set an example of his power. His troops began on October 12, a systematic massacre (aided by Tlaxacans ) that killed at least 3,000 residents – the rest managed to escape the city. The massacre became a notorious chapter in the conquest of Mexico. The Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II received in the spring the first reports of aliens landing on the east coast of the kingdom. On November 8, he met in Tenochtitlán the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés, who he thought was the god Quetzalcoatl, and welcomed him with great pomp. Cortés and his men conquered the city on August 13, 1521 after several years of struggle, which destroyed most of it. The rest of the city was either destroyed, demolished or buried as Mexico City was built upstairs. Read more about the massacre here.
1531 – The city of Puebla is established.
1847 – After the Battle of Chapultepec in September, Puebla is besieged by American forces, on the same day that Mexico City is conquered by Winfield Scott.
1862 – On May 5, General Ignacio Zaragoza’s army defeats the French expeditionary forces near Puebla, at the Battle of Puebla. Cinco de Mayo (May Fifth) is a public holiday observed in the United States as a celebration of Mexican heritage and honor, and to commemorate the cause of freedom and democracy during the early years of the American Civil War.
1863 – Puebla is besieged for the second time, this time between March 16 and May 17, during the French intervention in Mexico. The French surrounded Mexico City and tried to conquer it, but failed. However, they managed to beat back the Mexicans several times until the French forces could secure the victory.
Tamaulipas is a state in northeastern Mexico. To the south it shares the border with the Mexican state of Veracruz, to the southwest San Luis Potosí and to the west Nuevo Leon. To the east is the Gulf of Mexico and to the north Texas in the United States.
The state was originally populated by the Olmecs and later Chichimec and Huastec tribes.
The capital is called Ciudad Victoria. Other major cities are Ciudad Madero, Matamoros, Miramar, Nuevo Laredo, Reynosa, Río Bravo and Tampico.
o.6000 BCE – According to archaeological evidence, nomadic tribes (the Olmecs?) may have occupied the area, but the first real settlements are believed to have occurred around 4000 BCE.
1445-1466 – The Aztec regent Moctezuma I Ilhuicamina conquered much of the territory during this period, turning it into a tribute to the Kingdom of Mexico.
1554 – The first permanent Spanish settlement in the area was the port city of Tampico, founded by the Franciscan Andrés de Olmos, who built a monastery there.