Estonia: According to thesciencetutor, the Republic of Estonia is a state located in the northeast of the European Union on the coast of the Baltic Sea. The area of the state is forty-five thousand square kilometers. The territory is washed by the Gulf of Riga in the Gulf of Finland is the border with Finland. In the east, there is a border with Russia along the Narva River along the Pskov and Peipus Lakes, in the south there is a common border with Latvia. More than one thousand five hundred islands are part of the state. The largest islands are Saaremaa and Hiiumaa. Five percent of the Estonian population lives on the islands. The territory of the state has an extensive network of lakes, the relief is mostly flat. The picturesque shores of the Gulf of Riga and the Gulf of Finland, large and small lakes, national parks and reserves with dense forests all attract tourists from all over the world. Acquaintance with ancient cities with castles, ancient monasteries, small fishing villages will bring pleasure to lovers of culture and history. There are several world-famous resorts in Estonia that offer not only the green and beach holidays of Narva-Jõesuu, but the mud baths of Pärnu and Haapsalu are also very popular.
Estonia: climate. On the coast, the climate is maritime and continental. Inland temperate continental. In autumn and spring, due to the influence of sea air masses, the weather can change during the day. Winters are snowy with heavy rainfall. The end of summer is rainy. The average air temperature in January is minus six degrees in July plus seventeen degrees. The best time to travel in Estonia is from May to September. The beach season is from June to the end of August.
Estonia: population. The population is about one million three hundred thousand people
Estonia: religion. The main religion is Lutheranism. Orthodox, Baptist, Methodical and Catholic churches represented
Estonia: capital. Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. Tallinn is a major cargo and passenger seaport in Estonia. The city is located on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland. Thanks to the three peninsulas, the coastline of Tallinn stretches for forty-six kilometers. The population is four hundred and forty thousand inhabitants. The city consists of the Lower City and Vyshgorod, which is located on the hill of Toompea. Narrow paved winding streets, the remains of the ancient city walls, small houses with red roofs give the city a special flavor. Fairs, concerts, folk festivals are held on the main square of the city – the Town Hall. The old city is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Numerous museums and exhibitions confirm the status of Tallinn as the cultural center of Estonia.
Estonia: major cities. Tartu has a population of one hundred and two thousand people. Narva has a population of sixty thousand people. Kohtla-Jarve has a population of forty-four thousand people. Pärnu has a population of forty thousand people.
Estonia: currency. On January 1, 2011, Estonia joined the Eurozone. The official Lithuanian currency is Euro. All non-cash and cash payments are made in Euro. Most organizations and shops and restaurants accept bank cards.
Estonia: mobile communication. GSM 900/1800 mobile communication standards. Telephone code (+372).
Estonia: electrical voltage. In Estonia, the standard voltage is 220 volts.
Estonia: public transport in Tallinn. Public transport in Tallinn is a network of trams, trolleybuses and buses. The timetable is from 6:00 am to 11:00 pm. The cost of a taxi is one euro per kilometer. The landing fee is five euros.
Estonia: language. The official language is Estonian.
Estonia: visa. For citizens of Ukraine who do not have a biometric foreign passport, a visa is required. Processing time – from 10 working days.
Estonia: time. Estonia and Ukraine are in the same time zone.
Estonia: weekends and holidays.
January 1 – New Year
February 24 – Independence Day of Estonia
May 1 – Spring Festival
June 23 – Victory Day (victory in the battle of Võnnu)
June 24 – Midsummer Day
August 20 – Independence Restoration Day
December 24 – Christmas Eve
December 25 – First Day of the Feast of the Nativity
December 26 – the second day of the Feast of the Nativity of Christ