Colombia Landmarks

According to philosophynearby, Colombia is an attractive country for vacationers as it has a large number of different attractions to offer.

If you are interested in historical buildings, Cartagena is the place for you. The city was founded in 1533 and was the most important city in the country for a long time. This is where the country’s mineral resources, such as gold and silver, were shipped onto the ships of the colonial rulers of that time in order to bring them to the European world. Here was one of the most important trading centers in what was then the New World. At that time, a mighty fortress ring was built to protect the city from attack. This fortress ring is still accessible today. Since many historical buildings are still preserved here, such as the cathedral from the 16th century or the Church of Santo Domingo from the same age, the Inquisition Court or the Esuit convent of San Pedro Claver from the 17th century, the city was taken over in 1994 by the UNESCO to World Heritage.

Ciudad Perdida is something very special. The name of city means something like lost city. It was long the largest city of the Tairona culture and is located on the northern slope of the Sierra de Santa Marta. After years of fighting, Ciudad Perdidad was almost completely destroyed by the conquerors in 1599. It is now just a ruined city with hundreds of terraces on which buildings stood before the attack. Today even two hundred of the terraces have been reconstructed.

San Agustin should also be seen. The city was discovered by the Spanish in the 18th century when they were looking for gold. There they found ruins and remains of an ancient Indian culture from the 1st to the 8th centuries. It has been proven that the perished people traded with the peoples beyond the Amazon and the Pacific. The legacies of the ancient Indian people can still be admired today. There are tall stone statues to be seen here, as well as graves with gold fittings.

Santa Cruz is a very well-preserved colonial city that has been listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1995. The city, founded in 1540, played an important role in Colombia for many years. However, it lost its status when shipping was revolutionized and the modern and large steamships sailed other river routes.

If you are less interested in sights and would rather spend a beach holiday in Colombia, the beach resorts of Choco are definitely recommended.

Nature lovers also don’t miss out in Colombia. There are several national parks to visit here. The most famous are the Los Kaitos National Park, the Los Nevados National Park and the San Andres Archipelago.

Museum lovers can definitely recommend the Arche Nebra and the Museo del Oro in Bogota.

Colombia – important addresses

Direccion General de Turismo del Ministerio de Desarollo Economico : Calle 28,

13A – 15, Santa Fe de Bogotá
Telephone: (01) 606 7676, Fax: (01) 6067 52 1022

Embassy of Colombia in Germany : IE Ms. Dr. Maria Dora Victoriana Mejia Marulanda, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (since March 12, 2003),
Kurfürstenstrasse 84, 10787 Berlin
Telephone: (030) 263 9610, Fax: (030) 26 39 6125, Consular Department: Telephone: (030) 2639 6161
Opening times: Mon – Fri 9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m. and 2.30 p.m. – 5 p.m., consular section: Mon – Fri 9.30 a.m. – 12.30 p.m. and 2.30 p.m. – 5 p.m.

Colombia maintains a consulate general (with visa issuance) in Frankfurt / M (phone: (069) 959 5670) as well as honorary consulates in Hamburg (phone: (040) 2385 5694) and Bremen (phone: (0421) 349 8095).

Embassy of Colombia in Austria : Stadiongasse 6-8 / 15,

1010 Vienna
Telephone: (01) 405 4249, 406 4446, Fax: (01) 408 8303, Consular
Department : Tel: (01) 408 4132 email:, Consular Department:
Opening times: Mon – Fri 9 a.m. – 5 p.m., consular section: 9 a.m. – 1 p.m.

Embassy of Colombia in Switzerland : Dufourstrasse 47,

3005 Bern
Telephone: (031) 35117 00/10, Fax: (031) 352 7072, Consular section: Tel: (031) 351 5434
Opening times: Mon – Fri 8.30 a.m. – 1 p.m. and 2.30 p.m. – 5 p.m., Consular section: Mon – Fri 8:30 a.m. – 1:30 p.m. (telephone inquiries), Tue – Fri 9:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m. (personal inquiries).

Embassy of Germany in Colombia : Jürgen Christian Mertens, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary,
Cra. 69, No 25 B – 44, piso 7, Edificio World Business Port, Bogotá, DC Postal
address: Embajada de la República Federal de Alemania, Apartado Aéreo 98 833, Bogotá, DC, Colombia
Telephone: (1) 423 26 00, Fax: (1) 429 31 45

Germany maintains in Cali (phone: (00572) 323 4435, 323 8402, email:, Barranquilla (phone: (00575) 368 5384, email:, Medellin (phone: (00574) 334 6474, email: and Cartagena (phone: (00575) 669 4041, email: Honorary Consulates.

Embassy of Austria in Colombia : Carrera 9,

No. 73-44, Piso 4, Edificio Fiducafé, CO-Bogotá
Telephone: (1) 32636 80/90, Fax: (1) 317 7639

Austria maintains in Cali, Barranquilla, Medellin, Cartagena and San Andrés Honorary Consulates.

Embassy of Switzerland in Colombia : Carrera 9a,

No. 74-08, Piso 11, Edificio Profinanzas, Bogota
Postal address: Apartado Aéreo 251957, CO-Bogota
Telephone: (1) 349 7230, Fax: (1) 349 7195

Switzerland has consulates in Medellin and Cali.

Colombia Landmarks