Baja California Sur, Mexico

According to, Baja California Sur is a state in Mexico, located in the southern part of the California Peninsula, south of the 28th parallel. The state capital is La Paz. In the state is also the tourist town of Cabo San Lucas.


about 8,000 BCE – La Paz was first inhabited by Neolithic hunter-gatherers as they left traces in the form of stone paintings near the city and through the peninsula.

1535 – Hernán Cortés arrives on May 3 at La Paz Bay, christening it Santa Cruz. He then tried to establish a colony, but gave it up after several years of trying due to logistical problems.

1596 – Sebastián Vizcaíno arrives and names the area his modern name – La Paz.

1810-1821 – Mexico’s war of independence, lasting 11 years, began as an idealistic peasant revolt against their Spanish colonial masters, but ended with an unlikely alliance between liberals ( liberals ) and conservadores ( conservatives ) who fought together to make Mexico independent. country. It did not succeed in gaining independence until 1821 after liberation troops occupied Mexico City.

1846 – The Mexican-American War is a war fought by the United States and Mexico between 1846 and 1848. The war broke out due to border disputes between Mexico and Texas. After gaining independence from Mexico in 1836, the Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845, but there was no agreement on the demarcation between Mexico and Texas. That same year, the U.S. government insulted Mexico by offering to buy California and New Mexico.The Battle of Monterrey took place in September 1846. On February 22, 1847, the Battle of Buena Vista took place, in which General Taylor defeated the Mexicans under Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, securing the conquest of California and New Mexico by the United States. The battles of Veracruz, Cerro Gordo and then the Battle of Chapultepec (on the outskirts of Mexico City ) followed as the U.S. Army, led by General Winfield Scott, invaded the heart of Mexico. His invasion began on March 9, 1847. The Treaty of Cahuenga, signed January 13, 1847, stopped the fighting in California. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on February 2, 1848, stopped the war and gave the United States unchallenged control of Texas as well as California and most of Arizona and New Mexico.

1848 – When the California gold rush begins, California is a strangely illegal place. When the gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill, California was still technically part of Mexico, but was under American occupation as a result of the Mexican-American War. With the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in February 1848, California became one of the United States possessions, but was not formally a US territory and did not become a state until September 9, 1850. California was until then a region under military control. There was no civilian legislature, no central administration and no courts in entire areas.The locals functioned within a confusing mix of Mexican rules, American principles, and personal attitudes.

1853 – On October 15, politician William Walker marches out with 45 men to conquer the Mexican territories of Baja California and Sonora. He succeeded in occupying La Paz, as he declared the Republic of Lower California, with himself as president and his partner, Watkins, as vice president. The state was then converted into Louisiana law, thus making slavery legal. Fearing attacks from Mexico, he moved his headquarters twice over the next three months, first to Cabo San Lucas, and then further north to a safer position. Although he never really gained control of Sonora, he nevertheless declared Baja California as part of the greater Republic of Sonora. The lack of supplies and strong opposition from the Mexican government forced Walker to withdraw quickly. Back in California, he was put on trial for waging an illegal war. But in this Manifest destiny time, Walker was famous for his filibuster in the southern and western United States, and therefore it only took the jury eight minutes to acquit him.

Baja California Sur, Mexico