Uganda. In May, the first presidential election was held
in the country since 1980. The number of candidates was
three. Among them, incumbent President Yoweri Museveni
resigned with a very convincing victory with nearly 75% of
Countryaah.com, Museveni went for election on the slogan "No Change". It
was understood that he wanted his sympathizers to join a
system without any political parties. Instead, he advocated
an African system based on consensus, not confrontation. In
the subsequent elections to the country's national assembly,
the "no-party" system received a majority of the 276 seats.
In July, Museveni appointed its new government. It
contained a total of 51 members - up to a maximum stipulated
by the Constitution 42. Kintu Musoke was appointed Prime
From 1981 to July 1985, the government conducted 16 major
military offensive against the key positions of the National
Resistance Army (NRA), the armed branch of the National
Resistance Movement (NRM) formed by former President Yusuf
Lule. Lule died in January 1985. NRM was now led by Yoweri
Museveni, Uganda National Relief Front (UNRF) led by former
Brigadier General Moses Ali (one of Idi Amin's former
partners) as well as the Democratic Federal Movement (EDEMU)
under the leadership of Lieutenant Colonel George Nkawanga.
The civil war displaced about 100,000 people. In 1981,
thousands of people died of starvation in Karamoja province
after the government cut down on the smuggling of cattle
between nomadic tribes.
Despite the guerrilla struggle, the country's economy
grew an average of 5% from 1982, while exports according to.
The World Bank grew by 45% from 1983. It was mainly
agricultural products that contributed to this high figure.
The shortage of food and the ration of gasoline ceased, but
the major problem was continued inflation that had worsened
since 1981, when the government had let the country's
currency flow. That led to a devaluation of 1,000% of the
Ugandan shilling. The price of bread rose, for example.
5,000% in the period 1979-84.
In December 1985, it was planned that new elections would
be held in which the UPC was again victorious, but in July a
coup d'etat led by General Bazilio Olara Okello, the Obote
government, fell. General Tito Okello was named president
and declared that within 12 months new elections would be
held to "form a government with a broad popular basis".
Okello belonged to the ajuli people from the
northern part of the country and accused Obote of the
langi people of "unilateral tribal domination".
From the coup d'etat, the NRA escalated the armed
struggle until it was able to occupy Kampala in January
1986. Okello was overthrown after a bloody battle, and on
January 30, NRA leader Yoweri Museveni took over the
presidential post. In March, Golu fell in the north of the
country - the last bastion of the Okello faith forces.
Museveni had to largely rebuild the country from the
ground after the protracted wars that had cost nearly 1
million dead, sent 2 million on the run, created 600,000
invalids of war and caused enormous material destruction.
Resources were sparse in a country where the birth index
is 6.9 and life expectancy does not exceed 51 years. Add to
this the many cases of AIDS that had hit parts of the
country as a real epidemic.