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Yearbook 1996

Spain. According to, the parliamentary elections in early March became a victory for the Conservative Partido Popular (PP), which won 156 of the 350 seats in the second parliament of the Spanish Parliament, Cortes. This meant that for 13 years the ruling Socialist Party (PSOE) ended up in opposition. To be elected prime minister, PP leader José María Aznar formed a coalition with the Catalan Convergencía in Union (CiU) and two other smaller parties.

1996 Spain

As one of his government's most important tasks, Aznar looked to reduce the country's budget deficit. In order to meet the EU convergence criteria for entry into EMU, the deficit until 1997 would have to be reduced by an amount corresponding to 3% of the gross domestic product.

The Aznar government received a six-month honeymoon, but then the relative calm ceased. On the one hand, the Basque country and Catalonia wanted control over tax revenues in their regions, and on the other, workers and officials objected to the far-reaching savings in the state budget. In December, 1.6 million civil servants took part in a one-day strike in protest of the government's decision to freeze their salaries at the 1996 level.

In December, Spain became a full member of NATO. At the same time, the Spanish Parliament decided that no nuclear weapons should be placed in Spain.

In December it was celebrated that 60 years have passed since the international brigades arrived in Spain to take part in the battles against Franco's phalanxists. At the same time, the German government decided to pay a sum equivalent to SEK 13 million. to the residents of the Basque city of Guernica as compensation for the German terrorist bombings against the city in April 1937.

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