São Tomé and Príncipe. The presidential election
originally announced in March was delayed until June 30. As
no candidate at that time got the necessary 50 percent of
the vote, it was a second round of elections. In it,
incumbent President Miguel Trovoada defeated Manuel Pinto da
Costa by 52 to 48%.
Countryaah.com, the government Armindo Vaz d'Almeida lost a vote of
confidence in the National Assembly at the end of September
and was forced to resign. Raul Bragança Neto was appointed
new Prime Minister.
In May 2005, 131 cases of cholera were recorded. An
epidemic that caused UNICEF serious concern as it threatened
80% of the population. The disease is spread through water
or contaminated food, and is spread easily in a population
where only 20% have access to running water and only 9% have
access to toilets.
Following disagreements between Damião Vaz d'Almeida and
President Menezes, d'Almeida resigned in June 2005. He was
replaced by Maria do Carmo Silveira, who also took over the
finance ministry, although the other ministerial posts
The March 2006 parliamentary elections were won by the
ruling MDFM-PCD, which won 23 of the 55 seats. MLSTP got 19
and ADI 12. At the July presidential election, Menezes was
re-elected with 60.6% of the vote. His counterpart Patrice
Trovoada got 38.8%.
In late May, North American and Nigerian oil companies
stated that they had found oil and natural gas in the common
zone, and would open the first 8 extraction sites. In May
2007, the country signed an agreement with Angola - Africa's
second largest oil producer - on cooperation in oil
extraction. Also in May, the Paris Club announced that it
had left 100% of the country's foreign debt with this group
- almost DKK 24 million. US $.
Prime Minister Trovoada had to resign in May 2008 when he
lost a vote of confidence in parliament. The president
subsequently appointed Joaquim Rafael Branco as new prime
minister. Trovoada protested and called the re-appointment
in violation of the Constitution.
In February 2009, authorities revealed coup plans against
the president. The chairman of the Christian Democratic
Front, Arlecio Costa and 30 others implicated were arrested
but since pardoned.
Trovoada regained the prime minister post in August 2010.
Independent candidate Manuel Pinto da Costa won the
presidential election in August 2011 with 52.9% of the vote
over Evaristo Carvalho of the then ruling party. In the
first round of July, Costa had 35.6% of the vote. when Costa
was the country's first president after independence in
1975, and tried repeatedly in the 1990s and '00s to be
re-elected. His election campaign centered on the need for
political stability and the fight against corruption.
In 1997, São Tomé exchanged his diplomatic connection to
China with a connection to Taiwan, but in 2013/14 there were
signs that the pendulum was swinging again. China
established an unofficial trade mission in São Tomé in 2013,
and the following year the President of São Tomé made a
private visit to China.
In the first round of the July 2016 presidential
election, Evaristo Carvalho got 49.9% of the vote. It was
just not enough to be elected in the first round, and so
another round was printed, in which he faced the incumbent
President, Manuel Pinto da Costa, who got 24.8% of the vote.
Before the second round could be implemented, however, Costa
withdrew, claiming that the 1st round had been marked by
scams. Carvalho therefore got 100% of the votes in the
second round and was elected as new president. He had twice
previously held the post of prime minister.