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Yearbook 1996

Philippines. According to, President Fidel Ramos and the leader of one of the island's Mindanao Muslim guerrillas, the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), Nur Misuari, announced on August 19 that they had agreed a peace agreement, which would end 26 years of war in the southern Philippines. Ramos and Misuari met in a fishing village where fierce fighting was going on. The Parties agreed to establish the Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development. The council was to "guide and coordinate the peace work" and got three members with Nur Misuari as chairman. The peace agreement was signed by the parties on September 2. Indonesia's Foreign Minister Ali Alatas, who had a key role in the negotiations, also became one of the signatories. The agreement received no undivided positive reception in the country. When President Fidel Ramos visited an air base near Zamboanga in the southern Philippines the following day, he was met by close to 10,000 protesters protesting the peace agreement. During the more than quarter-century war, about 50,000 people were killed.

1996 Philippines

Even in the armed conflict with the Communist-led guerrilla National Democratic Front (NDF), a peaceful solution came closer, after the government confirmed on June 19 that peace talks were resumed in the Netherlands. This was made possible by a court in Manila ordering the release of Sotero Llamas, a veteran of the Communist New People's Army (NPA). The negotiations had broken down in June 1995, when the government refused to release Llamas.

One of the two government parties, Laban ng Democratic King Pilipino (LDP), left the government on May 31. However, President Ramo's Christian Democratic Party, Lakas ng EDSA, had its own majority in the House of Representatives. LDP's resignation was considered by outside judges to be an introduction to the campaign ahead of the 1998 presidential election. Earlier, in April, President Ramos appointed two women ministers: Carmensita Reodica as Minister of Health and Mina Gabor as Minister of Tourism.

An outbreak group from the Muslim MNLF guerrilla resumed fighting against the army in October. During the army's shooting of some villages with artillery and grenade launchers, 750 families in the southern Philippines were forced to flee. The guerrillas attacked a military base and the army attacked a guerrilla base with helicopters. Hard fighting continued during the late autumn on the island of Basilan in the southern part of the country, and government troops entered three guerrilla camps. A summit with leaders of 18 countries in the APEC cooperative, including US President Bill Clinton, China's President Jiang Zemin and Japan's Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto, was held in late November at the former US Navy base Subic Bay.

A declaration for a continued path towards full free trade until 2020, the Manila Action Plan for APEC, was adopted, as was a statement on free trade with computers, electronic components, telecommunications equipment and other information technology. This trade turns around $ 500 billion each year in the countries around the Pacific. In November, the Philippine company Napacor placed an order with ABB on a power line worth SEK 600 million. US Motorola received an order worth over $ 100 million to deliver a mobile telephone network in the southern Philippines.

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