Australia and Oceania Countries AZ
The world's smallest continent, Australia and Oceania,
comprises only 14 sovereign states. By far the largest and
most populous country is Australia . Overall, only 0.5
percent of the world's population lives in Australia and
|Papua New Guinea
Geography of Oceania
The Oceania is the continent of the
world's smallest (consisting of only 14 countries and in a
way all are island) and together with America form the so -
called "New World", by the way is a continent that has some
similarities with America as the presence of native peoples
originating there (Indians in the Americas and aborigines in
Oceania) and European colonization, whereas in Oceania the
colonization was basically English. In this text we will see
some aspects of the Geography of Oceania.
The continental territory of Oceania is reduced to the
Australian territory, but due to its small extension to a
continent, as well as being occupied by only one country,
the continental part of Oceania is often seen as an island.
In addition to mainland Australia, Oceania is made up of
several islands, the largest of which is New Zealand which
together with Papua New Guinea and Australia form the
so-called Australasia. Other islands are called Melanesia,
Micronesia and Polynesia.
Currently, one of the major environmental problems that
has affected Oceania, especially some small island countries
like Tuvalu, has been the increase in the level of ocean
waters, due to the melting of the polar ice caps.
Despite some controversies, the consensus of the
international scientific community is that the main cause of
the thaw is global warming, caused by the worsening of the
greenhouse effect that originates from the hole in the ozone
layer that has been increased by air pollution.
The effect of this increase in the level of the oceans is
that some islands of Oceania are disappearing under water,
forcing some countries like Tuvalu in order to make
arrangements to transfer its citizens to other countries
(such as Australia) when its territory completely submerge.
Oceania is basically flat, the Australian territory being
mainly formed by a plateau and some plains. Because it is
quite flat, at sea level, the increase in ocean waters makes
it easier to submerge the lands of this continent.
This continent is also well remembered for its curious
fauna with unique animals in the world such as the Kangaroo,
the Tasmanian Devil, the Koala, among others. Its vegetation
varies a lot, with forests further north, with semi-arid
regions with shrub vegetation and also temperate areas
Due to the predominant British colonization, naturally
there is a predominance of the English language in Oceania,
with its right based on British common law and the
predominant religion being Christianity in its Protestant
and Anglican aspects.
This does not mean that there is no Aboriginal culture
that still resists on the continent, however small. Despite
the long policies for the natives to assimilate the culture
of the colonizer from an early age (in some cases, including
children being taken from Aboriginal mothers to be raised on
the mission island, in the care of the Church and the
State). Even Prince William of the United Kingdom, together
with his wife Kate Middleton, were received on the island of
Tuvalu with traditional ceremonies from the island's native
Australia and New Zealand are the most prominent
countries in the economy of Oceania, being also two
developed countries and the largest world producers of
sheep's wool. In addition, they produce wines, coal, gas,
oil, iron and precious minerals. Gold and oil are also
present in Papua New Guinea.
The production of coconut and its derivatives (such as
coconut oil) is strongly present in other regions of
Oceania. Tourism, on the other hand, has an important
highlight, being an economic activity present throughout
Economy and business in Palau
Palau's economy is primarily characterized by growing
tourism and self-sufficiency agriculture and fishing.
Important agricultural products are coconuts, copra,
cassava, Tapiola, bananas, bread fruit, citrus fruits and
sweet potatoes. Pigs and chickens are the most important
livestock. Fishing is very important. There is some fishing
and clothing industry. Tuna and copra are the most important
Tourism mainly focuses on barrier reefs and wrecks from
World War II.
Economy and business in Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea is rich in natural resources. The
country's geography with impassable mountain ranges,
rainforest and little developed infrastructure makes it
costly to exploit these commercially, and licenses for
mining and logging are mainly run by large multinational
Gross domestic product in 2017 was USD 21.089 billion,
USD. The main export products are tropical timber, gold,
copper, oil, palm oil and coffee. Large gas discoveries will
make Papua New Guinea a significant producer of natural gas
in the years to come.
85 per cent of the population feed on agriculture,
fishing and hunting, as well as small-scale production of
commodities such as copra, coffee, cocoa beans and vanilla.
In 2009, 38 per cent lived below the poverty line.
Economy and business in Solomon Islands
Around half of the working population is employed wholly
or partly in agriculture operated on small farms and
plantations (2013). Among other things, it produces palm
oil, copra, cocoa and rice, sweet potato, taro, yams and
fruit. Cattle and pigs are the most important livestock.
Heavy deforestation since the 1980s has reduced the forest
Offshore, fishing is conducted, among other things, for
The Solomon Islands have significant deposits of gold,
nickel, zinc and lead. Mining employs 10.6 percent of the
working population (2013).
The industry mainly comprises the processing of
agricultural and fishery products, including canned and
The most important export products are fish, timber and
palm oil. The main import products are food, machinery, oil
products and transport equipment.
The service industries employ 39.4 per cent of the