|Micronesia Federation, Federal Republic of Oceania;
consists of the central and eastern parts of the archipelago
of the Karolines in the Pacific Ocean approx. 1000
kilometers northeast of New Guinea. The Micronesia
Federation consists of 607 small islands and atolls
extending east-west over ca. 2900 kilometers.
are divided into 4 states, Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kosrae and Yap.
The Micronesia Federation is located in an ocean area five
times larger than France.
The capital is Palikir. The population is 111 542
The national anthem of the Micronesia Federation is
'Patriots of Micronesia'.
Geography and environment
the largest island is Pohnpei (formerly Ponape), with the
capital Palikir, and makes up almost half of the Micronesia
Federation's land area. Pohnpei, Khosrae (formerly Kosai)
and the islands of the Chuuk Lagoon (formerly Truk) are
mountainous and of volcanic origin. The other islands are
flat coral islands.
The climate is tropical with heat and high humidity
throughout the year. There is a lot of rainfall, especially
in the east. The area is among those with the most rainfall
in the world. The islands are affected by hurricanes
(June-December) and drought.
The only native mammals are 6 species of bats. Several
mammals have been introduced. There are more than 30 nesting
seabird species. In the sea live several whales, 4 sea
turtle species and more than 1000 fish species.
In the higher-lying islands there are rainforests and
atolls grow palm trees and tropical shrubs.