Libya. According to
Countryaah.com, the opposition in Libya made itself known during a
football match in July in Tripoli by shouting slogans
against the country's leader Muammar al-Khadaffi. About 20
people were shot to death by the bodyguard of al-Khadaffi's
sons who visited the match.
In August, Muslim militants attacked the Benghazi
military base, killing 25 militants. The military responded
with a bomb attack against Muslim bases, killing 150.
The US-Libya conflict continued during the year, and in
May the US government threatened to bomb a site where,
according to US sources, a chemical weapons plant was being
built. A spokesman for the US Department of Defense
announced that there were detailed plans to attack military
targets in Libya unless Muammar al-Khadaffi gave way to
international opinion and stopped the project. Libyan
sources rejected the allegations, claiming the facility was
a training ground for workers participating in a project
aimed at "building" a river through the desert.
The US maintained its position with continued trade and
aircrew boycotts against Libya. The attitude was strongly
criticized by the EU. At a G7 meeting in Brussels in early
July, EU Commission President Jacques Santer declared that
US economic sanctions legislation against Cuba and similar
legislative proposals against Iran and Libya violated World
Trade Organization rules on world trade. During the meeting,
President Bill Clinton acknowledged that the laws could
create trade policy barriers.
The European Commission decided later in July to prepare
trade policy measures against the United States. Since the
US government in August passed the so-called d'Amato law -
which prohibits investment in gas and oil projects in Iran
and Libya - the Commission has filed a formal protest with
the United States.
The US government sought to prevent Louis Farrakhan, the
leader of the African-American activist organization Nation
of Islam, from visiting Tripoli to receive al-Khadaffi's
prize for human rights efforts and a $ 1 billion donation.
Farrakhan stated that the donation was $ 250,000, money he
received in Tripoli in August.
Turkish Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan visited Tripoli
in the fall and promised increased trade between Libya and
Turkey if Libya paid its debts. Erbakan came to the Tripoli
country road as the international aviation boycott against
Libya continued throughout 1996. His visit was heavily
criticized by political opponents in his home country.