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Yearbook 1996

Libya. According to, the opposition in Libya made itself known during a football match in July in Tripoli by shouting slogans against the country's leader Muammar al-Khadaffi. About 20 people were shot to death by the bodyguard of al-Khadaffi's sons who visited the match.

1996 Libya

In August, Muslim militants attacked the Benghazi military base, killing 25 militants. The military responded with a bomb attack against Muslim bases, killing 150.

The US-Libya conflict continued during the year, and in May the US government threatened to bomb a site where, according to US sources, a chemical weapons plant was being built. A spokesman for the US Department of Defense announced that there were detailed plans to attack military targets in Libya unless Muammar al-Khadaffi gave way to international opinion and stopped the project. Libyan sources rejected the allegations, claiming the facility was a training ground for workers participating in a project aimed at "building" a river through the desert.

The US maintained its position with continued trade and aircrew boycotts against Libya. The attitude was strongly criticized by the EU. At a G7 meeting in Brussels in early July, EU Commission President Jacques Santer declared that US economic sanctions legislation against Cuba and similar legislative proposals against Iran and Libya violated World Trade Organization rules on world trade. During the meeting, President Bill Clinton acknowledged that the laws could create trade policy barriers.

The European Commission decided later in July to prepare trade policy measures against the United States. Since the US government in August passed the so-called d'Amato law - which prohibits investment in gas and oil projects in Iran and Libya - the Commission has filed a formal protest with the United States.

The US government sought to prevent Louis Farrakhan, the leader of the African-American activist organization Nation of Islam, from visiting Tripoli to receive al-Khadaffi's prize for human rights efforts and a $ 1 billion donation. Farrakhan stated that the donation was $ 250,000, money he received in Tripoli in August.

Turkish Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan visited Tripoli in the fall and promised increased trade between Libya and Turkey if Libya paid its debts. Erbakan came to the Tripoli country road as the international aviation boycott against Libya continued throughout 1996. His visit was heavily criticized by political opponents in his home country.

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