Jordan. According to
Countryaah.com, King Hussein visited Israel in January. The visit
was a confirmation of the two countries' peace treaties from
1994 and occurred at a time when American mediator Warren
Christopher was visiting Israel and Syria. Hussein has
during the process served as unofficial mediator between
Israel and Syria.
In February, the king presented a new government with Abd
al-Karim al-Kabariti as prime minister. In March, the
government won a vote of confidence in the House of
Representatives regarding the government declaration.
Kabariti promised economic development and an extension of
cooperation with Israel.
Jordan, Palestine and Israel signed in September in Oslo
under a disputed water-sharing agreement. Despite the
approval, Jordan's chief delegate Munthir Haddadin described the
agreement as "a worthless document" as it did not involve a
fair distribution of water resources in the Middle East.
Jordan attended the Arab summit in Cairo in June. The
meeting was the first in six years. In a joint communique,
the delegates called on Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu to resume the Middle East peace process.
On August 13, a five-day riot started in several cities,
mainly al-Karak, caused by the government reducing wheat
subsidies, which doubled the bread price. At least 40 people
were injured in the unrest. The reduction in aid was
considered necessary due to a requirement from the
International Monetary Fund to reduce the budget deficit.
President Ezer Weizman conducted the first Israeli state
visit ever in November in Jordan.
In September, journalist and writer Nahed Hattar was shot
and killed outside the court in Amman, where he was charged
with publishing a satirical drawing on Facebook that
authorities believe violated Islam. The drawing was critical
of IS. He had already spent a month in jail before a court
allowed him to be released on bail. Jordan's state news
agency stated that the perpetrator had been arrested at the
The authorities continued their practice of asking IS
sympathizers, members of other armed groups, as well as
journalists and opposition officials of the State Security
Court. Often based on "confessions" forced by torture. Other
tens of thousands were held in administrative detention on
the basis of a 1954 law that allowed people to be detained
for up to a year without judgment or charge.
In March 2017, Jordan shocked the world with the mass
execution of 15 convicted prisoners. The executions were
sharply criticized by international human rights
organizations, which described them as a major step
backwards. (Jordan: 15 executions 'shocking' says human
rights group, Guardian 5/3 2017)
In May 2018, the IMF put pressure on Jordan to increase
taxes and prices. The government presented a proposal that
included a 5% tax increase for people in work, 20-40% on
businesses and price increases on a wide range of basic
goods. The proposal led to extensive protests against the
government and negotiations between it and the country's LO
- without results. But after thousands of protesters defied
heavily armed police in Amman in early June and demanded the
resignation of the government, Prime Minister Hani al-Mulki
resigned on June 4. The king replaced him with former World
Bank economist Omar al-Razzaz. (Jordan: Thousands protest
against IMF-backed austerity measures, Guardian 3/6
The Assad regime in Damascus carried out an offensive
against rebels in southern Syria in June and July. The
offensive sent hundreds of thousands in flight. They tried,
among other things. to flee across the border to Jordan but
was rejected by Jordanian military and border soldiers. This
was yet another failure for the EU's alleged attempt to
secure refugees in the "immediate area" around Syria.
Neither the US nor the EU criticize the increasingly
serious human rights violations in Jordan, but instead
provide financial and military assistance. US assistance to
the dictatorship in 2016 was $ 1.4 billion. US $. The EU
contributed 1 billion. €. Jordan continued its participation
in the Saudi-led attack war against Yemen.