Guinea. In early February, a coup attempt was carried out
in the capital Conakry. About 2,000 soldiers made mutiny and
demanded pay raises, faster promotions and larger food
rations. About 70 people were killed during the riots, of
which twelve were killed when a hand grenade exploded near
the presidential palace. The soldiers returned to duty as
President Lansana Conté promised improved terms of
employment. The coup attempt had repercussions, and in April
the governor of Conakry, Ousmane Camara, was relocated.
Countryaah.com, Guinea received at least 100,000 people who fled the
bloody fighting in Liberia in April.
The financial situation deteriorated during the year. Guinea
is one of the 48 least developed countries in the world, the LDC countries, with falling GDP, increased debt burden and a
declining share of international aid.
Guinea was declared Ebola freely by the WHO at the end of
December 2015. The disease had then cost 2,535 lives. In
March 2016, however, a new series of cases was registered
and 800 were quarantined.
In June 2016, security forces mistreated a truck driver
in the northern city of Mali. It triggered riots and over
the following days 14 civilians were injured - by gunshots
and after being beaten with lace. In August, police shot and
killed Thierno Hamidou Diallo while standing on his balcony
attending a peaceful demonstration through Conakry. The
demonstration was organized by the opposition and 5-700,000
Journalists and trade union activists were routinely
harassed, arrested and convicted of "contempt for the
president" or for publishing fake news. Arrestors were
routinely subjected to torture.
In 2016, TV station France 24 released a tape recording
revealing that British-Australian mining company Rio Tinto
had paid a Guinean official $ 10.5 million. US $ for mining
rights to the Simandou mine. The official was François de
Combret, a close acquaintance of the president. President
Condé claimed that Combret had received the bribe on his own
behalf, but tape recordings revealed that the president was
aware of the deal and was himself involved. Rio Tinto
admitted in November the bribe. Studies have shown that
several other mining companies were involved in bribery
cases in order to gain mining rights in the country.
In January 2017, Guinea took over the rotating presidency
of the AU.
Local elections were scheduled for holding in February
but have since been postponed to 2018.