Guinea Bissau. The newly elected representative from Guinea-Bissau
took office in the UN Security Council on 1 January.
The composition of the government was changed in January
at the request of President Joăo Bernardo Vieira, who called
for more efficiency in the administration. Prime Minister
Manuel Saturnino da Costa appointed two new ministers, while
eleven were given new or changed duties.
Countryaah.com, per capita GDP rose in 1995, and it belongs to the LDC
countries, the world's 48 least developed countries, which
report a rapidly growing economy. Guinea-Bissau, however, is highly
dependent on aid and, according to the International
Monetary Fund (IMF), is one of the 20 countries on earth
that are so debt-burdened that they can never clean up the
economy on their own.
According to the World Bank, the country should therefore
be allowed to write off its debts. The country has been a
member of the newly formed Commonwealth for
Portuguese-speaking countries since July 17, the Comunidade
de Paises de Língua Portuguesa (CPLP), which consists of
Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde and Săo
Tomé and Príncipe. The CPLP is working to strengthen the
Portuguese's position in the world and to expand the
economic and political cooperation between the countries.
In January 2015, the Angolan Government reaffirmed its
willingness to continue to contribute to programs and
initiatives that could create stability, peace and
development in Guinea-Bissau.
Also in January, the country underwent the periodic
review of human rights in the UN Human Rights Council. It
accepted most of the council's recommendations. In general,
the human rights situation was significantly better than
In August, President Vaz fired the Pereira government -
in violation of the constitution and during parliamentary
protests. Instead, he replaced Baciro Djá as new prime
minister. However, this lasted only for 20 days. Two days
after he presented his government, the Supreme Court knew
his deployment as contrary to the constitution, and in
November, Djá was excluded by PAIGC, accused of accepting
his post as prime minister in August contrary to the party's
laws. To replace Djá, President Vaz Carlos Correia put in
the post. He and Vaz could not agree on who should occupy
the posts as Minister of the Interior and Energy, and
Correia therefore temporarily took over those posts.
2016 was marked by continued tensions between President
Vaz, government and parliament. In January, the National
Assembly Permanent Commission excluded 15 parliamentarians
for not supporting the government program. The political
tensions were further intensified when Prime Minister
Correia was fired in May. Two weeks later, Baciro Djá was
appointed prime minister. It sparked fierce protests, with
police using tear gas to disband the protesters who threw
stones and burnt tires outside the presidential palace.
Vaz inaugurated Umaro Sissoco Embaló as new prime
minister in November.