Guatemala. The newly elected President Alvaro Arz˙ took
office on January 1. Arz˙ belongs to the National
Development Party (Partido de Avanzada Nacional, PAN). One
of his counter-candidates was Rigoberta Mench˙, recipient of
the 1992 Nobel Peace Prize.
Countryaah.com, Arz˙ started intensive work to stop the civil war since
the 1960s. On March 20, representatives of the government
and the URNG guerrillas signed a ceasefire agreement. The
war had then harvested about 100,000 casualties, and 40,000
people had disappeared.
On September 19, part of the peace agreement was signed.
This meant that the UN monitoring group, MINUGUA, would
monitor compliance with human rights conventions and
agreements. The Mayan Indians' identity and rights were
protected by the agreement. The government appointed a Truth
Commission with the task of investigating what violations of
human rights were committed during the civil war. A land
reform was also promised.
The final agreement was signed in Guatemala City on
December 29 and marked the end of 36 years of civil war.