Georgia. According to
Countryaah.com, the breakout region of South Ossetia in the
north of the country declared itself presidential republic
in September and at the same time announced presidential
elections. Ljudvig Tjibirov was elected president by winning
52% of the vote in November. Georgia does not approve of the
Republic's independence and protests against the election.
In Abkhazia, the second outbreak republic in the
country's north, parliamentary elections were held in
November. Nor was this election approved by Georgia, which
did not recognize Abkhazia as an independent state.
The country applied for full membership of the Council of
Europe in July. So far, the Council's entry requirements had
not been met, as was confirmed by the American human rights
organization Freedom House's report, where Georgia was
designated as a formally democratic state, but with no
freedom of the press.
2008 Georgia launches war against Abkhazia and South
NATO had, among other things, Georgia is included in the
agenda at the Alliance Summit in May 2008, but the country
was not included. The US was strong, while European
countries were very reluctant. An admission would be a great
provocation against Russia, and the Europeans did not want
it. NATO's official explanation was that Georgia had to calm
down in its own backyard - South Ossetia and Abkhazia -
before the country could be admitted.
At the beginning of August 2008, Saakashvili therefore
started a war against South Ossetia. was bombed and sent a
stream of refugees towards Russia. The Russian peacekeeping
forces responded to the attack after 18 hours of the Moscow
attack, fleeing the Georgian forces and occupying parts of
Georgia. After a few days, the EU President France
negotiated a ceasefire agreement in place between the two
parties. Acc. the agreement was supposed to draw Russia out
of Georgia (back to the breakaway republics), but could hold
back forces in Georgia if there were humanitarian reasons.
Russia compared its intervention with NATO's intervention in
Serbia's attack on Kosova in 1999. The United States
thundered against Russia and spoke of violations of
international law. A whole new concept in President Bush's
A week after the ceasefire, the US entered into
agreements with Poland and the Czech Republic to set up
advanced radar stations as part of the superpower's
"starwars" project. The United States indirectly confirmed
Russia's claim that the project was aimed at Russia itself.
Not North Korea and Iran as claimed by the United States.
Foreign observers estimated that Georgia had been granted
permission by the United States for its attack on the
breakaway republics, in the same way that Saddam Hussein in
August 1989 obtained US approval to attack Kuwait.
Saakashvili therefore believed that the United States would
defend the country in the event of Russian reaction. Here he
In August, Russia recognized Abkhazia and South Ossetia
as independent states. In his recognition, President
Medvedev repeatedly referred to the West's recognition of
Kosova in February 2008, which Russia had warned against.
The two republican republics were subsequently also
recognized by Venezuela, Nicaragua and Nauru. Georgia
responded again by throwing all Russian diplomats out of the
country and severing diplomatic relations. Georgia also
severed its diplomatic relations with Nicaragua. The country
also launched a naval blockade of Abkhazia. Russia responded
again by putting its forces in South Ossetia and Abkhazia in
the highest alert and sending ships from its Black Sea fleet
to the area. At the same time, the West made Georgia aware
that they would not be able to intervene if there was a
renewed military conflict. Saakashvili had now both lost the
immediate prospect of NATO membership and had lost two
regions of his country. Only in January 2010 did Georgia
embark on a decidedly peaceful path in the attempt to
reunite with the two outbreak republics.
In late October 2008, Saakashvili removed Gurgenidze from
the post of Prime Minister. The president claimed that the
replacement had been planned even before the war in August,
but observers pointed to the serious political crisis in
which the country was plunged as the real cause. Gurgenidze
was replaced with Grigol Mgaloblishvili. However, he only
lasted for 3 months. Acc. Press reports from December bribed
the president and threw a phone after him. Mgaloblishvili
then went to Germany for medical treatment and, upon his
return, rejected the press reports. In late January 2009, he
resigned as prime minister and in June 2009 was moved to a
retreat post as his country's NATO ambassador. New Prime
Minister Nikoloz Gilauri.
A united opposition joined in March 2009 in protest
against Saakashvili's authoritarian regime and in April
launched extensive demonstrations that drew 50-100,000
people daily through April, May and June. It came to
frequent clashes with security forces and police. However,
no one was killed but many injured. As part of the rebellion
against the president, a tank battalion outside Tblisi made
mutiny on May 5. However, the mutiny was quickly broken
down. During June, opposition demonstrations and protests
ran out into the sand.