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Georgia

Yearbook 1996

Georgia. According to Countryaah.com, the breakout region of South Ossetia in the north of the country declared itself presidential republic in September and at the same time announced presidential elections. Ljudvig Tjibirov was elected president by winning 52% of the vote in November. Georgia does not approve of the Republic's independence and protests against the election.

In Abkhazia, the second outbreak republic in the country's north, parliamentary elections were held in November. Nor was this election approved by Georgia, which did not recognize Abkhazia as an independent state.

The country applied for full membership of the Council of Europe in July. So far, the Council's entry requirements had not been met, as was confirmed by the American human rights organization Freedom House's report, where Georgia was designated as a formally democratic state, but with no freedom of the press.

1996 Georgia

 

2008 Georgia launches war against Abkhazia and South Ossetia

NATO had, among other things, Georgia is included in the agenda at the Alliance Summit in May 2008, but the country was not included. The US was strong, while European countries were very reluctant. An admission would be a great provocation against Russia, and the Europeans did not want it. NATO's official explanation was that Georgia had to calm down in its own backyard - South Ossetia and Abkhazia - before the country could be admitted.

At the beginning of August 2008, Saakashvili therefore started a war against South Ossetia. was bombed and sent a stream of refugees towards Russia. The Russian peacekeeping forces responded to the attack after 18 hours of the Moscow attack, fleeing the Georgian forces and occupying parts of Georgia. After a few days, the EU President France negotiated a ceasefire agreement in place between the two parties. Acc. the agreement was supposed to draw Russia out of Georgia (back to the breakaway republics), but could hold back forces in Georgia if there were humanitarian reasons. Russia compared its intervention with NATO's intervention in Serbia's attack on Kosova in 1999. The United States thundered against Russia and spoke of violations of international law. A whole new concept in President Bush's vocabulary,

A week after the ceasefire, the US entered into agreements with Poland and the Czech Republic to set up advanced radar stations as part of the superpower's "starwars" project. The United States indirectly confirmed Russia's claim that the project was aimed at Russia itself. Not North Korea and Iran as claimed by the United States.

Foreign observers estimated that Georgia had been granted permission by the United States for its attack on the breakaway republics, in the same way that Saddam Hussein in August 1989 obtained US approval to attack Kuwait. Saakashvili therefore believed that the United States would defend the country in the event of Russian reaction. Here he settled.

In August, Russia recognized Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states. In his recognition, President Medvedev repeatedly referred to the West's recognition of Kosova in February 2008, which Russia had warned against. The two republican republics were subsequently also recognized by Venezuela, Nicaragua and Nauru. Georgia responded again by throwing all Russian diplomats out of the country and severing diplomatic relations. Georgia also severed its diplomatic relations with Nicaragua. The country also launched a naval blockade of Abkhazia. Russia responded again by putting its forces in South Ossetia and Abkhazia in the highest alert and sending ships from its Black Sea fleet to the area. At the same time, the West made Georgia aware that they would not be able to intervene if there was a renewed military conflict. Saakashvili had now both lost the immediate prospect of NATO membership and had lost two regions of his country. Only in January 2010 did Georgia embark on a decidedly peaceful path in the attempt to reunite with the two outbreak republics.

In late October 2008, Saakashvili removed Gurgenidze from the post of Prime Minister. The president claimed that the replacement had been planned even before the war in August, but observers pointed to the serious political crisis in which the country was plunged as the real cause. Gurgenidze was replaced with Grigol Mgaloblishvili. However, he only lasted for 3 months. Acc. Press reports from December bribed the president and threw a phone after him. Mgaloblishvili then went to Germany for medical treatment and, upon his return, rejected the press reports. In late January 2009, he resigned as prime minister and in June 2009 was moved to a retreat post as his country's NATO ambassador. New Prime Minister Nikoloz Gilauri.

A united opposition joined in March 2009 in protest against Saakashvili's authoritarian regime and in April launched extensive demonstrations that drew 50-100,000 people daily through April, May and June. It came to frequent clashes with security forces and police. However, no one was killed but many injured. As part of the rebellion against the president, a tank battalion outside Tblisi made mutiny on May 5. However, the mutiny was quickly broken down. During June, opposition demonstrations and protests ran out into the sand.

 

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