Botswana. According to
Countryaah.com, in February, Botswana and the Russian
Federation reached an agreement to regularly exchange
information on diamond trade to achieve more similar sales
methods and a fair division of the diamond market. After the
Russian Federation, Botswana is the largest diamond producer
in the world.
In April, the Botswana Central Bank announced in its
annual report that the country's foreign exchange reserves
per capita were the highest in the world.
In 2006, the longest-running trial in the country's history
- the San people against the government - fell. More than
10% of the plaintiffs had died in rehab camps since the case
started in 2002 after being expelled from the Kalahari
Reserve in February of that year. The Supreme Court ruling
in December was in favor of the San people. It said the
displacement of the San people in 2002 had been
"unconstitutional and illegal". It was a serious setback to
the authorities and their plans to extract diamonds from the
San people's land.
In July 2007, the World Bank published its World
Governance Report. The indicators from 1996-2006 placed
Botswana among the world's 16 countries with the greatest
political stability and the absence of violence. Botswana
was in first place among the African countries.
In July 2007, President Mogae declared his intention to
resign in April 2008, after which he would be succeeded by
Deputy Lieutenant General Seretse Ian Khama.
As announced in advance, Ian Khama took over the
presidential post in April 2008. Although not directly
elected, he behaved as if he were, transformed his
government and embarked on a series of far-reaching reforms.
He imposed a 30% tax on alcohol to limit the country's large
alcohol consumption and created a state intelligence and
country police, Directorate of Internal Security (DIS). DIS
has since been designated as the person responsible for
several deaths - among other things. on John Kalifatis.
The parliamentary and presidential elections in October
2009 were won by the BDP, who won 45 of the parliament's 57
seats and Khama was now elected to the post of the country's
president. He is working to make the country's economic base
more versatile so that it is not so dependent on diamond
production. Khama wants development of agriculture and
tourism. While most of Africa experienced economic growth in
2009, growth in Botswana was negative by 5.2%.
Leaked embassy documents published by WikiLeaks revealed
in October 2011 that as early as 2007, the United States was
authorized to investigate the possibilities of placing parts
of AfriCom (the superpower's Africa Command) in Botswana.
The publication led to criticism from, among other things,
ANC Youth League.
The country's high economic growth continued into the
10s. In 2014 it was 5.4%. Exports are predominantly based on
rough diamonds and metals such as nickel and copper. Since
1998, per capita income has remained at the same level as
Khamas BDP withdrew eight seats in the parliamentary
elections in October 2014, but with 37 seats could still
retain the majority in the 63-seat parliament. The major
victor of the election was Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC),
which had been formed in 2012 as an alliance of several
other smaller parties. It was 11 seats up to 17. The turnout
The Lesbian, Gays and Bisexuals of Botswana (LEGABIBO)
organization won a big victory in December when the Supreme
Court overturned a decision by the country's Ministry of
Labor and the Interior, which for several years had refused
to register LAGABIBO as an organization, despite the
constitution guaranteeing freedom of assembly. Since 2008,
LEGABIBO had struggled to be recognized as an organization,
and the Supreme Court's decision was a major victory for all
LGBT people in the country.
Suppression of free speech continued through 2016. In
March, freelance journalist Sonny Serite was arrested after
receiving documents from a whistle blower in a
corruption case Serite was working on. He was charged with
receiving stolen items. In June, the charges were dropped
and Serite released again. In December, Parliament passed a
new whistle blower law that did not provide protection to
people who contacted the media. In August, the Lobatse High
Court ruled that the editor of Sunday Standard ,
Outsa Mokone, could be charged with incitement to revolt.
Mokon had been arrested in 2014 following an article in his
newspaper in which the king was implicated in a traffic
accident. The article's actual author fled to South Africa,
where he was granted asylum.
In May 2016, Patrick Gabaakanye was executed for a murder
committed in 2014. That brought the number of executed to 49
since independence in 1966. The execution was secret, the
family was not informed and was not allowed to visit his