Bangladesh. For more than a year, the opposition had demanded re-election to Parliament, citing the ruling party’s cheating in the 1994 general elections. The opposition boycotted the election and only about ten percent of the voters participated. The ruling Nationalist Party, Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Dal, got the most seats, but the election was judged by both the opposition and foreign observers. The election campaign and the election day itself were characterized by violence.
The opposition’s continued strikes and disobedience campaign crippled the country, and in March, Prime Minister Khaleda Zia was forced to allow Parliament to change the constitution so that the president could appoint an interim government. Khaleda resigned and an unpolitical ministry was appointed. Another new election was announced until June 12.
Three weeks before the election, the country seemed threatened by a military coup. Soldiers supporting a General Mohammad Nasim marched against Dhaka, but loyal troops protected the president and defeated the coup attempt. What intentions Nasim had never fully stated. It may have been a personal revenge as he was recently dismissed by the president for disciplinary reasons, but rumors of his association with either political camp quickly came into circulation.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: What does BD stand for? In the field of geography, this two letter acronym means Bangladesh. Check this to see its other meanings in English and other 35 languages.
The new election could then be carried out according to the plans in June and this time under quieter forms. The turnout was high, about 74%. The leading opposition party, the People’s Union, Awami League, received almost half of the mandate and was able to form a government with the support of former military dictator Ershad’s national party, Jatiya Dal. The general election in September gave the League of Nations its own majority. The new Prime Minister Hasina Wajed is the daughter of the nation’s founder Mujibur Rahman. Through her election victory, the People’s Union, which brought the country to independence, returned to office after 21 years.
In July, Supreme Court President Shahabuddin Ahmed was elected President. He was nominated by the League of Nations and had no counter-candidates.
The climate of Bangladesh is tropical with increasing rainfall from west to east. Bangladesh is in the area of influence of the southwest monsoon, so that an average of 1,500 to 2,250 mm of annual precipitation is reached. In the east, at the foot of the Tripura Lushai Mountains, 3,000 to 4,000 mm fall (see Chittagong climate diagram). The Mowdok Mual is the highest point in Bangladesh (1003 m). More than half of the annual precipitation falls from June to August. In March / April and October there are frequent tropical cyclones over the Bay of Bengal, which often have catastrophic consequences as the associated floods inundate large parts of the country.
According to Countryaah.com, the population of Bangladesh in 1996 was 115,169,819, ranking number 9 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.220% yearly, and the population density was 884.7655 people per km2.