Azerbaijan. According to
Countryaah.com, President Gejdar Alijev on July 19 accused
the country's government of corruption and failed economic
policy. According to him, the corruption was so widespread
that the important oil industry had difficulty attracting
foreign investors. Prime Minister Fuad Kulijev resigned
shortly thereafter, along with the Deputy Prime Minister and
several other ministers and senior officials. Artur Rasizade
was appointed new Prime Minister in November.
The Christian breaker club Nagorno-Karabach went to his
first general presidential election in November. The
election was seen as an important part of the struggle for
independence. Large demonstrations against the elections
were held in Azerbaijan, and both the United States and the
Russian Federation warned of the negative consequences of
the election. War hero Robert Kotjarjan got 85% of the vote
and was elected president. The conflict between Azerbaijan.
and Armenia on the affiliation of the enclave remained
unresolved during the year. Armenia claims the enclave
because many Armenians live in the area. When the OSCE
European Security Council held a summit in Lisbon in
December, the representatives of the 54 assembled states
could not agree on a joint statement on the conflict.
In 2011 and 2012, a new potential concern arose when the
Nagorno-Karabakh authorities reopened the Stepanakert
airport, which has not been operational since the war. The
Azerbaijani government threatened to shoot down planes that
are traveling without permission through what it regards as
Azerbaijan airspace, and even internationally, the planned
air traffic was seen as a provocation. Until now, traffic
did not start, citing a lack of safety equipment.
A new parliamentary election was held in May 2015. The
leading parties retain their positions, but for the first
time, two parties described as the opposition barrier of
five percent: the Movement 88 and National rebirth. As
before, the elections were judged by Azerbaijan and the EU.
In the beginning of April 2016, the hardest fighting
broke out since the war in practice ended in 1994. During
the month, at least 100 people were killed despite the
termination of a fire agreement after four days of fighting.
Azerbaijan is said to have occupied several small areas
along the front line, which until then had been controlled
by the outbreak state.
In the following months, the presidents of Armenia and
Azerbaijan met three times, including through Russian
mediation, and agreed to try to stabilize conditions along
the front line. No significant improvement in the situation
In February 2017, a referendum was conducted which
resulted in the strengthening of the president's power,
which was mainly said to give the opportunity for faster
decisions in crisis situations. In addition, it was decided
to officially change the name of the outbreak state to the
Republic of Artsach, which was interpreted as claiming in a
larger area than was originally granted to the autonomous
Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan. The referendum was condemned
internationally, and the days afterwards, new fighting broke
out with the Azerbaijani army.
In July 2017, Parliament elected Sahakyan as president
for a third term in accordance with the new constitution.
his new term extends to the general elections scheduled for
Read more in Armenia: Foreign Policy and Defense and
Azerbaijan: Foreign Policy and Defense.
Agriculture is the traditional industry in
Nagorno-Karabakh. All goods are imported from Armenia.
Nagorno-Karabakh receives significant assistance from
Armenians in the western world, directly or through Armenia.