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Yearbook 1996

Austria. At the beginning of the year, the two former government parties Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs (SPÖ) and Österreichische Volkspartei (ÖVP) reached an agreement on substantial budget savings. This further led to the formation of a new government coalition between the two parties; the previous one exploded in October 1995, with new elections as a result.

The simultaneous municipal and EU elections in October meant tangible losses for the SPÖ. According to, the right-wing populist, led by Jörg Haider, the Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs (FPÖ) got just over a percent less votes than the Social Democrats in the EU elections, while for the first time since 1966, the ÖVP became the largest party in Austrian politics. The result of the municipal elections meant that SPÖ lost the absolute majority that the party had held in the city council in Vienna ever since 1919.

1996 Austria

The first traces of people in the area we know today as Austria date from the Paleolithic period and from this time until our time, the area has been inhabited by various ethnic groups. The Austrian region of Hallstat got its name from the first cultures of the Iron Age, (800-450 BCE).

Celtic tribes invaded the eastern Alps in the 4th century BCE and founded the kingdom of Nórica, while the ancient Retic tribes managed to remain in the region. Later, the Romans moved into the area, attracted by the rich deposits of iron and because of its strategic location.

After the first peaceful invasion, the Romans soon conquered the rest of the country in the year 15 BCE Retia, Nórica and Panoni were converted into Roman provinces as parts of an empire extended to the Danube Valley. The empire was divided into smaller municipalities and a wide network of roads was established.

"Pax Romana" ended with the Germanic tribes' rebellion in the period 166-180 AD The invasion was averted, but the region's prosperity never succeeded. In the period 300-500 AD, the Huns and Germans often returned and crossed the Danube borders.

According to the only written testimonies of this period, the Germanic tribes established Rugii, Gother, Heruli, and, like the last, the Langobards, settled in Austrian territory and in the year 488 AD the inhabitants of the totally destroyed Nórica were forced to flee and displaced. Italy.

After several disputes between Germans and Slavs, the Bavarian border was extended all the way to Avar in the 6th century.

By the death of King Dagoberto d., The Bavarian dukes were in fact unpopular. Christianity developed rapidly in this area. Even the Romans who remained practiced this religion.

Bavarian wealth and military expansion coincided with the spread of Christianity. Under the auspices of its protection, the churches of Salzburg and Passau confronted the missionaries in the east, led by the Slavic apostles Cirilo and Methodo.

The Magyars' attacks in the 8th century and their dominance in almost the whole country lasted until the year 960.

The first signs of the existence of a civil law community were discovered in the Burchard area, east of the River Enns, whose borders later extended to the forests around Vienna.

Austria became the center of conflicts between the Pope and the Holy Roman Empire on numerous occasions, in their attempt to gain control of the German Church. Meanwhile, Christianity won ground with the founding of the monasteries in Gottweig, Lambach and in Styria, Admont.

During the period between the 10th and 13th centuries, the battle for territories continued and new colonies were established in the Germanic as well as the non-Germanic areas. With brief interruptions, the Babenbergs remained in power in the duchies of Austria and Styria, expanding the territories both to the north and south.

After Friedrich D. 2's death, the Babenberg monopoly of power was challenged by its neighbors. The first beneficiary of this was Premysl Otakar the 2nd, from Bohemia, until Rudolf the 4th of Habsburg, sat on the German throne in 1273, and later, with the assistance of the Hungarians, deposed Otakar on the 2nd.

Initially, the Habsburgs were met by the rejections of the nobility and the neighbors, but, despite a series of defeats, managed to maintain control of the area. In the 14th and 15th centuries, Austria remained under the control of the Habsburg and Austrian royal houses.


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