Austria. At the beginning of the year, the two former
government parties Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs
(SPÖ) and Österreichische Volkspartei (ÖVP) reached an
agreement on substantial budget savings. This further led to
the formation of a new government coalition between the two
parties; the previous one exploded in October 1995, with new
elections as a result.
The simultaneous municipal and EU elections in October
meant tangible losses for the SPÖ. According to
Countryaah.com, the right-wing populist,
led by Jörg Haider, the Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs
(FPÖ) got just over a percent less votes than the Social
Democrats in the EU elections, while for the first time
since 1966, the ÖVP became the largest party in Austrian
politics. The result of the municipal elections meant that
SPÖ lost the absolute majority that the party had held in
the city council in Vienna ever since 1919.
The first traces of people in the area we know today as
Austria date from the Paleolithic period and from this time
until our time, the area has been inhabited by various
ethnic groups. The Austrian region of Hallstat got its name
from the first cultures of the Iron Age, (800-450 BCE).
Celtic tribes invaded the eastern Alps in the 4th century
BCE and founded the kingdom of Nórica, while the ancient
Retic tribes managed to remain in the region. Later, the
Romans moved into the area, attracted by the rich deposits
of iron and because of its strategic location.
After the first peaceful invasion, the Romans soon
conquered the rest of the country in the year 15 BCE Retia,
Nórica and Panoni were converted into Roman provinces as
parts of an empire extended to the Danube Valley. The empire
was divided into smaller municipalities and a wide network
of roads was established.
"Pax Romana" ended with the Germanic tribes' rebellion in
the period 166-180 AD The invasion was averted, but the
region's prosperity never succeeded. In the period 300-500
AD, the Huns and Germans often returned and crossed the
According to the only written testimonies of this period,
the Germanic tribes established Rugii, Gother, Heruli, and,
like the last, the Langobards, settled in Austrian territory
and in the year 488 AD the inhabitants of the totally
destroyed Nórica were forced to flee and displaced. Italy.
After several disputes between Germans and Slavs, the
Bavarian border was extended all the way to Avar in the 6th
By the death of King Dagoberto d., The Bavarian dukes
were in fact unpopular. Christianity developed rapidly in
this area. Even the Romans who remained practiced this
Bavarian wealth and military expansion coincided with the
spread of Christianity. Under the auspices of its
protection, the churches of Salzburg and Passau confronted
the missionaries in the east, led by the Slavic apostles
Cirilo and Methodo.
The Magyars' attacks in the 8th century and their
dominance in almost the whole country lasted until the year
The first signs of the existence of a civil law community
were discovered in the Burchard area, east of the River
Enns, whose borders later extended to the forests around
Austria became the center of conflicts between the Pope
and the Holy Roman Empire on numerous occasions, in their
attempt to gain control of the German Church. Meanwhile,
Christianity won ground with the founding of the monasteries
in Gottweig, Lambach and in Styria, Admont.
During the period between the 10th and 13th centuries,
the battle for territories continued and new colonies were
established in the Germanic as well as the non-Germanic
areas. With brief interruptions, the Babenbergs remained in
power in the duchies of Austria and Styria, expanding the
territories both to the north and south.
After Friedrich D. 2's death, the Babenberg monopoly of
power was challenged by its neighbors. The first beneficiary
of this was Premysl Otakar the 2nd, from Bohemia, until
Rudolf the 4th of Habsburg, sat on the German throne in
1273, and later, with the assistance of the Hungarians,
deposed Otakar on the 2nd.
Initially, the Habsburgs were met by the rejections of
the nobility and the neighbors, but, despite a series of
defeats, managed to maintain control of the area. In the
14th and 15th centuries, Austria remained under the control
of the Habsburg and Austrian royal houses.